- Those with the clinical signs and symptoms of a gallbladder stone or the
- Gallbladder inflammation in the case of infections (cholecystitis) is an indication for cholecystectomy
- If one is to undergo bariatric surgery in the case of obesity, cholecystectomy could be also done.
- Those suffering from the congenital hemolytic anemia should also be strongly considered for the surgery as they are an increased risk for the complication associated with the gall stone
How is the procedure done?
This is one of the most common surgically treatable conditions of the gallbladder. The major surgical operation is cholecystectomy which involves the removal of the gallbladder pathologies along with the gall bladder itself in the indicated patients. A History of gallstones should be confirmed using radiological investigations such as the ultrasound and before surgery is indicated. In addition to this, since about 80% of the people with gallstones are asymptomatic, surgery is only strongly indicated to those who develop symptoms of the gallstones and or the associated complications.
How you prepare for the surgery
- The patient should take prophylactic antibiotics before the surgery.
- Blood profile of the patient is done- this includes a full hemogram, liver function tests, and renal function tests.
- The ultrasound scans or other radiological investigations that have already been carried out should be brought to the surgeon in charge of the operation before the operation for analysis.
- Consent is mandatory before any procedure. The patient should be made aware of the risks and the benefits of cholecystectomy and left to decide then sign after they’ve fully understood everything.